UNAIR NEWS – The discourse of moving the capital city from Jakarta to Kalimantan some time ago attracted a lot of public attention. The relocation of this capital city is stated in National Medium-Term Development Plan 2020-2024. On August 26, 2019, President Joko Widodo announced that a new capital city would be built in the administrative area of North Penajam Paser Regency and Kutai Kartanegara Regency, East Kalimantan.
Universitas Airlangga Legal Expert, Dr. Lany Ramli, S.H., M.Hum. in the 2019 National Law Conference on Saturday, November 30, made a response to the relocation of Indonesian capital city, since the Republic of Indonesia establishment, historically, the relocation of capital city only happened because of certain urgent conditions.
“If we look from the historical aspect, the Indonesian capital transfer right , occurs because of an emergency, an emergency, in times of war. So it has never occurred to policymakers to move the capital city, “said Lany.
According to Lany, there are some things that must be considered in terms of moving the capital city. First, the legal basis for moving the capital. Second, the meaning, nature and function of moving the capital must also be clear, whether only as a place of government or have other functions. Third is the relocation requirements as outlined in the legislation.
If it is related to administrative law, according to Lany, any policies carried out by the government must always be based Good Governance, the policy to relocate this capital city as well.
“Characteristics of good governance include participation, not only the government but also community participation, always based on law, transparency,” Lany said.
“For this reason, as study on relocation of the capital city must be carried out further and deeper on the future consequences and how they will be resolved. So, no one will suffer losses by the relocation of this capital city,” she concluded. (*)
Author : Sugeng Andrean
Editor : Binti Q Masruroh