UNAIR NEWS – Jokowi-Prabowo is one of the hot issues that has drawn the attention of the majority of people over the last five years in Indonesia. This topic motivated Moh. Gandhi Amanullah S.S., M.A., with the team to conduct research related to their study.
He explained the situation that occurred in Jokowi-Prabowo is caused by two things: the widespread use of social media and the outbreak of post-truth and echo-chamber phenomena (PT-EC ).
Social Media has become a replica of “public space” in the real world.
“Through the power of information technology, communication through social media is more fluid, equal and unlimited in space-time. Social Media is efficient because of what is delivered; utterances, verbal and visual can be stored, reproduced repeatedly with an unlimited number and delivered instantly, ” he said.
Furthermore, he also said that social media also save paradoxes. Social Media has the potential to become a fertile “field” for the proliferation of false information, speech, statements, verbal, visual, motion pictures. Furthermore, it is also a field for manipulation (hoaxes / fake news), false reasoning (logical fallacy), hate speech, and violence (bullying).
“Ironically, this kind of information has recently contributed greatly to shaping public opinion,” he said.
From this, there arises a situation where information is accurate and objective “loses” with false information. The information was made in the form of messages that could be more emotionally touched and repeatedly struck.
“The truth becomes biased, distorted and relative, so it is difficult to distinguish which is accurate and false information. Truth is established based on strength in defending subjective claims rather than the result of a rational discursive process. This phenomenon has recently been referred to post-truth phenomenon, “he said.
In the end, the political situation between Jokowi and Prabowo occurred on almost all social media platforms. Especially on Facebook (FB), the post-truth phenomenon seems to operate very massively.
“It can be seen from at least three factors, namely; “from the emergence of a lot of echo space within this platform, from the form and content of messages that dominate the timeline in the echo space,” he concluded.
Author: Nuri Hermawan
Editor: Khefti Al Mawalia
Moh. Gandhi Amanullah, Syahrur Marta Dwisusilo. 2019. Post-truth and echo chamber phenomena in the facebook of Jokowi and Prabowo.