Bioactive compounds from mangosteen as an antiviral agent against SARSCoV-2

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Coronavirus 2 (SARS‑CoV‑2) is the virus that causes COVID-19 which is responsible for respiratory illness infection in humans. The virus was first identified in China in 2019 and later spread to other countries worldwide. This study aims to identify the bioactive compounds from mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L.) as an antiviral agent via dual inhibitor mechanisms against two SARS-CoV-2 proteases through the in silico approach. In this study, the three-dimensional structure of various bioactive compounds of mangosteen from the database was examined. Furthermore, all the target compounds were analyzed for drug, antiviral activity prediction, virtual screening, molecular interactions, and three dimensional structure visualization.

It aimed to determine the potential of the bioactive compounds from mangosteen that can serve as antiviral agents to fight SARS-CoV-2. Results showed that the bioactive compounds from mangosteen have the prospective to provide antiviral agents that contradict the virus via dual inhibitory mechanisms. In summary, the binding of the various bioactive compounds from mangosteen results in low binding energy and is expected to have the ability to induce any activity of the target protein binding reaction. Various bioactive compounds from mangosteen, such as α-mangostin, β-mangostin, and γ-mangostin had low binding energy towards the targeted protein, Mpro and PLpro.

It is expected to have the ability to induce that protein activity. Furthermore, those bioactive compounds have demonstrated the ability to be developed as an antiviral drug which is depicted by Lipinski’s rule which are molecule mass

Author: Teguh Hari Sucipto, Arif Nur Muhammad Ansori, Rahadian Zainul dkk

Article title: Bioactive Compounds from Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L.) as an Antiviral Agent via Dual Inhibitor Mechanism against SARSCoV-2: An In Silico Approac

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