UNAIR Expert Maps Data for Drought Adaptation and Mitigation in East Nusa Tenggara

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Illustration by Feri Fenoria

UNAIR NEWS – Indonesia is a country prone to disasters, including drought. Several provinces in Indonesia experience drought every year and one of them is in East Nusa Tenggara. East Nusa Tenggara has experienced a drought since a decade ago with material and immaterial losses. Regarding this matter, Ferry Efendi S.Kep.Ns., M.Sc., PhD., as a lecturer at FKp UNAIR conveyed that a survey was conducted in East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia in 2018.

The dataset, he explained, consisted of 300 responses gathered from household surveys conducted in seven districts in East Nusa Tenggara. The survey was conducted over a period of three months, from June to August 2018 and was part of an assessment program to the application of Drought Cycle Management (DCM) model.

“The sampling design method to obtain data was a two-level random sampling using stratified random sampling. Sampling is designed to ensure that the samples collected represent the target population in the region,” he said.

The first phase, he added, seven districts out of 22 districts in East Nusa Tenggara were randomly selected. The second phase involves selecting a total of 300 households from the selected district. The number of households surveyed in a district is allocated proportionally to the total number of households in the district concerned.

“Households are chosen randomly from a list of all household names in the selected district. A face-to-face interview using a questionnaire was conducted to collect data. The main target as respondents is the head of the household, “he explained.

Furthermore, Ferry also explained that the data consisted of information about household socio-demographic characteristics such as gender, age, marital status, monthly income, education, and many other things.

“As well as problems related to drought, including household resources such as water sources, household income, agricultural land ownership, agricultural activities knowledge and perceptions of drought and perceptions of weather forecast, experiences with drought and adaptation strategies, mitigation of drought impacts, drought perception in the future and women’s participation in decision making, “he said.

In the end, Ferry confirmed that the data collected was input in excel file. Furthermore, the raw data is corrected from inconsistency. Missing responses are omitted from the data. Descriptive statistics were performed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software.

“The data can be useful for understanding household adaptation and mitigation strategies related to drought as part of the Drought Cycle Management model. The dataset contributes significantly to capturing information about household needs related to weather or season forecasts, as well as the factors that influence it, “he explained. “This data can also be used to formulate policy recommendations about the best management to minimize the risk of plants and animals losses,” he stated.

Author: Nuri Hermawan

Editor : Khefti Al Mawalia



Kuswanto, H., Hibatullah, F., Soedjono, E. S., & Efendi, F. (2019). Survey data of household perceptions of drought, mitigation and adaptation practices in East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. Data in brief, 24, 103944.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2019.103944

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