UNAIR NEWS – Sri Maharaja Rakai Halu Sri Lokeswara Dharmawangsa Airlangga Anantawikramotunggadewa or we know as Raja Airlangga was the king who ruled Java in the eleventh century AD.
The king, who is considered a reformer in the history of Java’s life, has published at least 33 historical evidence, consisting of stone and bronze inscriptions.
Fikria Iwa Logika, History Science student of Universitas Airlangga who is concerned with Airlangga’s history, said that among the 33 historical evidence, Pucangan Inscription is the most important, because it contains the life history of King Airlangga.
“Pucangan inscription so important, because the inscription on 1037 AD contained all of Maharaja Airlangga life history,” said the student of the Archaeological activist.
By bringing book of Nini Susanti, Biography of the Reforming Javanese King Airlangga of XI Century, he added that in Pucangan Maharaja Airlangga inscription was descended from King Mpu Sindok, the founder of Isyana Dynasty who ruled the Ancient Mataram Kingdom in 929-948 AD.
“To provide a wider power and know many other kingdoms, making Mpu Sindok Sri Isyana eventually married his daughter to marry a prince named Sri Lokapala then had a son Sri Makutangwangsawardhana and a daughter named Mahendradatta. After that Mahendradatta married king Udayana from Bali and blessed with 3 sons, one of them is Airlangga,” he explained the performance of Maharaja Airlangga in Cupak Village, Jombang December, 23.
At the age of 16, King Airlangga was sent to Java and married to King Dharmawangsa Teguh’s daughter, named Galuh Sekar. In sanskrit word written in Pucangan Inscription. After the celebration of Airlangga’s marriage to Galuh Sekar, the royal capital was attacked by Wurawari. So, the palace was destroyed and dharmawangsa teguh died in war.
“The tragedy was called Mahapralaya, where all the royal descendants were gone that night, except for Airlangga and Narottama’s followers who managed to save themselves,” he said.
After the incident, it was estimated that Maharaja Airlangga stopped and meditated in Pucangan area, similar to the name of Mount Pucangan, which is now located in Cupak Village, Ngusikan District, Jombang Regency.
According to the information, Raja Airlangga was not only meditated, but also helped make the inscriptions to rewrite the story of the history.
“Pucangan inscription is one of the proofs that Airlangga founded the kingdom by writing the capital city in watang mas, which is now located at Katemas Village, Kudu Jombang District,” he concluded.
Author: Fariz Ilham Rosyidi
Editor: Nuri Hermawan