Governments and non-governmental organizations need national and global estimates of the descriptive epidemiology of oral cavity for policy planning and evaluation. The purpose of this study component of the Global Burden of Disease is to produce estimates of both old and new events from oral ralga, as well as estimates of the length of life with disability for oral conditions, from 1990 to 2017 based on sex, age, and country. Besides, this study also reports the pattern of the influence of global socioeconomic conditions on the oral cavity burden using the World Bank’s economic classification standards and the demographic and social index of the global disease burden.
The findings indicate that the condition of the oral cavity in the population remains a significant challenge in the health sector. There are 3.5 billion cases of oral cavity disorders, of which 2.3 billion of caries (cases of cavities), 796 million of severe periodontitis, 532 million have caries that are not treated in deciduous teeth, 267 million tooth loss, and 139 million oral conditions in 2017. Several patterns emerged when economic classifications from the World Bank and Socio-demographic Index were used as indicators of economic development. In general, economically more developed countries have the lowest burden on untreated dental caries and severe periodontitis while the highest-burden comes from total tooth loss.
This finding offers an opportunity for policymakers to identify successful oral health strategies from various regions or other countries; strengthen strategies in overcoming oral problems; introduce and monitor increased cases of oral diseases; planning the integration of oral health into the agenda for the prevention of non-communicable diseases, and estimate the cost of providing insurance for dental care.
Author: Ninuk Hariyani, drg., M. Kes., MPH., PhD.
Link terkait tulisan di atas: https://journals-sagepub-com.proxy.library.adelaide.edu.au/doi/full/10.1177/0022034520908533
Bernabe E, Marcenes W, Hernandez CR, et.al. Global, Regional, and National Levels and Trends in Burden of Oral Conditions from 1990 to 2017: A Systematic Analysis for the Global Burden of Disease 2017 Study. Journal of Dental Research. 2020, Vol. 99(4) 362–373. DOI: 10.1177/0022034520908533