UNAIR NEWS – State Administration (AN) Program Universitas Airlangga (UNAIR) held a series of international classes discussing bureaucratic reforms and Indonesian public policy from time to time on Tuesday, May 19, 2020. The speaker was UNSZ Canberra School of Business Professor Prof. The Mark Turner and it was attended by hundreds of students from various programs of UNAIR.
In his lecture, Prof. Turner argued that there are several important objectives for public policy formulation in the contemporary era. Some of them are global competition, sustainable development, democratization support, fight against the administrative system weakening, good governance establishment, and realizing people’s satisfaction.
Therefore, many countries have begun to reform their public policies following the times. According to Prof. Turner, reform can be realized in policy restructuring, human resource development, performance improvement and public participation, to e-governance.
“Indonesia is a large country with more than 250 million inhabitants. This country needs a big bureaucracy. And most importantly, of course, sustainable bureaucratic reform for national development, “said Prof. Turner who is also an Adjunct Professor in State Administration program UNAIR.
According to him, there are four types of ideal public policies for Indonesia from time to time. First is the patronage model originated in the pre-colonial era of Java. This model builds a vertical relationship where there is an exchange of resources between patrons and clients. In the New Order era, the patrimonial system re-emerged when the state was treated as an extension of the leader’s property. This model is still widely seen in Indonesia, but it is no longer the dominant model.
The second model is the old public administration built by Soeharto based on the office hierarchy system, formal division of labor, appointment based on achievement, and career progress. This model becomes dominant when it is later combined with the patronage model. Third is new public management where the application is based on market principles and the private sector. This developing model is always focused on results and performance. The final model is a new public service that relies on the principles of efficiency, effectiveness, creativity, improvisation, professionalism, alternative distribution channels, and finding the right solution for all situations.
“Indonesia has experienced three public policy reforms. From 1998 to 2003 through sporadic changes, from 2002 to 2010 in the form of targeted reforms, as well as 2010 to bureaucratic reforms during the years of SBY to Jokowi. ” he said.
Besides Prof. Turner, the international lecture series held via zoom app also presented various other speakers such as the lecturer of University of Indonesia Kanti Pertiwi, Septalia Prananingtyas as the representative of BAPPENAS, Head of State Administration Program, Sulikah Asmorowati, and UNAIR State Administration Professor Prof. Jusuf Irianto. The event was held for three days from Monday. May 18, 2020 to Wednesday, May 20, 2020. (*)
Author: Intang Arifia
Editor: Feri Fenoria