UNAIR NEWS – Another cangkruan online or online discussion has been held by Alumni Association (IKA) Universitas Airlangga, Faculty of Public Health Commissariat. The topic of third discussion was “After 2 Weeks PSBB, What’s Next?”, and was held on Sunday, May 10, 2020, via zoom meeting application which was broadcast live through FKM UNAIR YouTube channel.
The discussion attended by around 150 participants presented speakers from the East Java Regional Police Headquarters, AKBP Pranatal Hutajulu and Research and Development researcher Ministry of Health, Agung Dwi Laksono, who is also an alumni of FKM UNAIR and in the management of PERSAKMI (Association of Scholars and Professionals of Indonesian Public Health) East Java.
Starting with the material, Agung conveyed the results of a survey on the Implementation of PSBB (Large-Scale Social Distancing) in East Java, which was held by IKA FKM UNAIR in collaboration with PERSAKMI East Java. The survey was conducted based on online data collection methods and was conducted on 4-8 May 2020, with community respondents residing in East Java.
Agung said that the survey had been completed by 2,834 respondents from 38 districts / cities in East Java, and 56.6% were living in Greater Surabaya. From the data it can be seen that activities such as places of worship, offices / factories, mini / supermarkets, hangout spots, and outdoor sports are still done during PSBB implementation.
However, the activities in schools, public transportation, motorcycle taxis, and socio-cultural activities are no more. Then, almost all of the activities were carried out without putting on masks and applying physical distancing, except for a few specific activities.
Based on the results of the survey, Agung gave three recommendations on the next PSBB implementation, extending the PSBB while monitoring the trend, including the number of cases, the number of deaths, and the distribution of cases, then do intensive discipline enforcement.
“The regulations made are quite good and detailed, but intensive disciplinary enforcement is still needed, thus increasing social trust to the government,” he said.
Finally, it needs to be understood that the enforcement of PSBB regulations in the context of spectrum of prevention is at level six, the implementation of policies and legislation. So it must be accompanied by five other levels as primary prevention activities.
“It must be accompanied by strengthening individual knowledge and skills, promoting public education, educating service providers about Covid-19 information, and fostering and developing coalitions and networks,” he explained.
East Java Regional Police Vice Director for Traffic, AKBP Pranatal Hutajulu confirmed the survey. According to him the level of community compliance is still low. “This is very basic, because it will affect the trust of people who are obedient and disciplined,” he explained.
In his opinion, check point establishment on the streets is a small part of PSBB implementation. But in reality, there are still many who violate and do not comply with the Covid-19 health protocols. There are still quite a lot of factories that are not excluded by Ministry of Home Affairs and public transports are still operational.
“Without a strong hand or repressive measures, the PSBB will not be effective enough,” he said.
According to him, the effective application of sanctions can be supported by local authority regulations on law order. Then, the police can back up with their authority, such as for motorists who do not bring their vehicle registration or SIM will be fined. Therefore, there must be an improvement in volume 2 PSBB.
“The local government can strive so that the law firm and organizations study loopholes, regulations on the application of law order can be used as a basis for the implementation of law enforcement in the context of the PSBB,” he explained.
Meanwhile in the discussion session, dr. Windhu Purnomo, Biostatistics expert and FKM UNAIR lecturer who is a member of PSBB Implementation Task Force in East Java, Cluster 4 Strengthening Health Facility Evaluation and Reporting, said that the survey was an evaluation of the process that should be considered by the East Java Task Force . (*)
Author: Ulfah Mu’amarotul Hikmah
Editor: Binti Q Masruroh