UNAIR NEWS – Bladder inflammation (Feline idiopathic cystitis) is a disease that is often found in cats. Generally, it occurs in animals that have consumed dry food for years but is not followed by adequate water consumption. Besides, stress factors are also thought to be a major cause of disease, also known as the FIC. Male cats suffer most bladder inflammation over two years old and rarely occurs in female cats.
In his research related to FIC in female cats, UNAIR Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (FKH) lecturer, Tri Bhawono Dadi, drh., M.Vet explained that the most common complaint submitted by animal owners was difficulty urinating. Due to the presence of stones or sediment grains that clog the urethra or bladder. Besides being difficult to urinate, cats are also prone to bloody urine.
“Cats diagnosed with chronic bladder inflammation is by catheterization, namely the installation of a small pipe from the bladder to come out to drain the urine that is blocked. Then the doctor will cleanse the urinary tract using a normal saline solution, “he explained.
In addition to removing urine and cleaning the urethra, catheterization can also reduce excessive pain in cats. The reduction in pain is expected to make the cat feel more comfortable and experience an increase in appetite to support the healing process. In addition to catheterization, cats are also given anti-inflammatory drug therapy, specific antibiotics, diuretics, and multivitamins.
“During treatment for the next few months, it is highly recommended that cats consume urinary feed. An animal dried feed with any brand urinary label has been specially formulated for therapy, ” he added.
Urinary labeled food can reduce urinary tract pH and limit certain types of proteins and minerals. It aims to prevent the addition of mineral deposits and slowly destroy the granules of oxalate sediments that have formed. Thus, the granules do not enlarge into stones that can clog the urethra.
Author: Zanna Afia
Editor: Nuri Hermawan
Tri Bhawono Dadi, Herinda Pertiwi, Dinda D Guntaran, Rizka Mulia Ananda, Ganang Pudyastungkara. 2019. Chronic Feline Idiopathic Cystitis on Female Cat: A Case Report Fig. 2. Thicktening of vesica urinary. The Indian Veterinary Journal, Vol. 96(8):53-54