UNAIR NEWS – Dr. Santi Martini, dr., M. Kes in a team conducted a research and appealed to the people of Indonesia to stop smoking. According to her, smoking is one of the factors that increases the risk of infarction stroke. One of the most common types of stroke.
Stroke cases, she said, continues to increase from year to year. In 2018, the incidence of stroke based on a doctor’s diagnosis was 10.9 per mile.
“It means, there are 11 stroke cases among 1000 population aged 15 years and over,” she explained.
The UNAIR Public Health lecturer stated that a stroke occurs when something is blocking the blood supply to a part of the brain or when blood vessels enter the brain. It causes parts of the brain to become damaged or die.
“Stroke causes prolonged brain damage, paralysis to permanent disability, or even death,” she added.
Treatment of stroke is done for a lifetime. Strokes can disrupt the life of a person or a family so that it can cause “shifting” of expenditure allocations at the family level. The cost caused by a stroke was very large, so it absorbed BPJS funds.
“Pain or death caused by smoking certainly affects income, increases health care costs and impedes the economic development of a country,” she said.
Furthermore, Dr. Santi Martini explained that smoking is one of the biggest public health threats facing the world. Cigarettes have killed more than 7 million people per year.
“Nearly 80 percent of the 1 billion smokers worldwide live in low and middle income countries,” she explained.
Indonesia is the fourth country with the most smokers in the world. About 90,000 cases of stroke are related to smoking. Every day there are 255 cases of stroke related to cigarettes or 11 cases of stroke related to cigarettes every hour.
“I think we agreed that no one wanted to have a stroke. Let’s stop smoking or avoid exposure to smoke right now, ” she concluded. (*)
Author: Sandi Prabowo
Editor: Khefti Al Mawalia
Imanda, A., Martini, S., & Artanti K.D. (2019) Pasca Hipertensi dan Stroke : Studi Kasus Kontrol. Kesmas: National Public Health Journal, Vol 13 Issue 4 tahun 2019