Advantages of Ratooning Method in Rice Farming

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Illustration by Mesin Padi

Rice Ratooning is an invention protected by IDS Patent Certificate Number 000001730 issued on December 20, 2017 with a 10 (ten) year protection period calculated from the filing date, 11 November 2016 to 2026. The Patent Subject was an author as well as an academic collaborating with an inventor, an alumnus of the Faculty of Law, Universitas Airlangga.

The main agricultural problem in the world is reduced agricultural land due to industrial extraction and housing besides dominating developed countries for agricultural products and derivative products. The author in 2016 conducted Fundamental Grant research on “Protection of Intellectual Property Rights for Rice Planting Patterns and Rice Agricultural Products to Support Food Security”. Based on the findings, there are at least nine agricultural practices. But the most unique is the ratooning method with R5 technology.

The ratooning method as an invention inspired by the facts that there are types of farmers such as landowner farmers, working farmers with harvest sharing, and farm workers. Harvesting generally takes place twice a year, so there is some wasted time. Farmers generally do not have earnings at all but from the agricultural activities. Young people in the village do not want to be farmers because they think of it as dirty work.

The purpose of the patent is to prevent the ratoon method and technology claimed by irresponsible parties. So there is legitimacy on granting the ratoon method and R5 technology applied to all farmers in Indonesia. It is a form of a contribution to the people of Indonesia.

There are thirteen advantages from the ratooning method with R5 technology compared to other agricultural methods. First, the ratooning method does not require new land because farmers work in the same land. Secondly, the ratooning method does not require land management because it is carried out on leftover rice stalks in the same paddy field. Thirdly, ratooning does not need a seeding process because ratooning use the remaining rice stems from the harvest.

Fourth, the ratoon method does not require complex irrigation. A minimum of 30% of the normal size of irrigated paddy fields and rice plants, the remainder of the harvest is enough. Fifth, the ratooning method does not require planting seeds in paddy fields. Sixth, maintenance care does not have to be done continuously. Seventh, urea fertilizer needed in rice fields was usually 400 kg per hectare. However, using the ratooning method only requires 100 kg/ha. Eighth, NPK Mutiara needed for rice fields was usually 200kg / ha, whereas the ratooning method only needs 100 kg/ha. Ninth, the NPK needed for rice fields usually reached 650kg / ha, during the ratooning method only needs 500 kg/ha.

Tenth, the usual farming method needed around 110 days until harvest, but the ratooning method only needs 45 – 60 days to harvest. Eleventh, ratooning method can produce 110% grain size. Twelfth, the rice also has a fragrant aroma. Thirteenth, rice from ratooning method also has better taste and texture. Moreover, farmers can save farming costs by up to 50 percent.

Author: Prof. Dr. Rahmi Jened, SH., MH

Details of research available at:

https://iip.ntut.edu.tw/var/file/92/1092/img/490834834.pdf

This post is also available in: Indonesian

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