The Role of Paris Agreement Regime in Controlling Global Warming

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Ilustrasi oleh Liputan 6 com

The commitment of international community in controlling global warming has been developed since 1919. By holding Paris Agreement, it shows the strength of International Commitment to resolve issues related to global warming as well as those related to the environment. The majority of countries agreed to be bound, on the contrary, the new President of United States, Donald Trump withdrew from the agreement on the pretext that the United States is not the biggest source of triggers for global warming. It is certainly not wise, given the impact of global warming, it can be felt by all components of living things in various parts of the world, regardless of whether the country is a trigger or not.

Concerning the issue of food security, the World Food Program (WFP) sees global warming and climate change as triggers risks to food security, which can threaten efforts to eradicate food insecurity and poverty. Certainly, it will affect the livelihoods of people who are vulnerable to food insecurity (food insecure people). On the other hand, climate change also leads to natural disasters that affect the dimensions of food security, including malnutrition.

The fact that global warming has an impact on melting glaciers, rising sea levels, disturbance of habitats such as coral reefs, also forests, agriculture, and cities certainly trigger new problems such as pests, heat waves, heavy rains, and increased flooding. All these factors can disrupt and destroy agriculture and fisheries, which will affect food security — especially Indonesia, where most of the population earns a living as farmers and fishers.

Seeing this fact, the commitment of the Government of Indonesia to ratify the Paris Agreement is appropriate, as long as the existing programs are implemented effectively. Besides, Indonesia can follow plausible scenarios, one of which is the IMPACT Model to determine future conditions of food security (future envisioning, future pathways and accounting for critical uncertainties). As a recommendation of research results, the Government of Indonesia can anticipate. If the Government cannot meet national food needs, then it can be pursued by opening international trade to stabilise the supply and breeding of crops in agriculture in the hope of producing innovative varieties.

Author: Wilda Pihatiningtyas

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