Learn More About MRSA, Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria

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Illustration of Scientific Article by Feri Fenoria
Illustration of Scientific Article by Feri Fenoria

UNAIR NEWS – Methicilin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus or in medical terms called MRSA is an infection caused by Staphylococcus bacteria that is resistant to all types of antibiotics, such as amoxicillin or penicillin. Staphylococcus is a bacterium that is not harmful to humans.

However, when its growth is out of control, these bacteria can cause infection in humans. They spread through direct and indirect contact, especially from the carrier or person who has been infected with bacteria through the nose, throat, and armpits.

The Netherlands is the country with the smallest MRSA level in the world. However, MRSA patients are still common. After it is studied, the source was from the animals as they usually are given growth stimulant drugs Promoter Group Antibiotics (AGP) by their owners. It will strengthen the Staphylococcus bacteria.

From the results of research in several hospitals, it was revealed that the average MRSA problem in Indonesia was around 30% to 50%. In a research, Prof. Dr. Kuntaman, dr. MS., Sp. MK (K) from Faculty of Medicine (FK) Universitas Airlangga (UNAIR) revealed that 8% from 643 patients, men and women admitted in hospitals contracted MRSA bacteria. In response to this problem, MRSA treatment can be done through eradication effort.

There are three eradication efforts, using sulfa antibiotics for seven days, bathing with antiseptics for seven days, and applying antibiotic ointment to the infected part. However, if this MRSA case occurs in the hospital, it is recommended to immediately conduct some screening to prevent the spread that is very dangerous for other patients.

“It is to prevent the spread. If we treat the sick, it is enough to treat the person. However, if the carrier affected by MRSA is left unchecked, it will spread even bigger and will affect other patients, “he said.

Finally, Prof. Kuntaman hoped that his research and the development of guidelines that have been done could overcome MRSA problems in Indonesia. It will be better if BPJS can be involved because MRSA handling is costly.

Author: Fariz Ilham Rosyidi

Editor : Khefti Al Mawalia

Reference: K. Kuntaman, et. Al. 2016. Prevalence of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus From Nose and Throat of Patients on Admission to Medical Wards of Dr. Soetomo Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health Vol. 47 No. 1

Link: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/304946202_PREVALENCE_OF_METHICILLIN_RESISTANT_STAPHYLOCOCCUS_AUREUS_FROM_NOSE_AND_THROAT_OF_PATIENTS_ON_ADMISSION_TO_MEDICAL_WARDS_OF_DR_SOETOMO_HOSPITAL_SURABAYA_INDONESIA  

This post is also available in: Indonesian

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