UNAIR NEWS – Cancer is one of the most common causes of death in the world. In Indonesia, in 2013 alone the number of cancer patients reached 347 thousand. In the world, about 30% have been caused by unhealthy lifestyle, genetic and carcinogen factors.
Treatment of cancer can be done with early diagnosis using MRI ( Magnetic Resonance Imaging) which has a high sensitivity and strength, but higher sensitivity and accurate diagnosis is still required.
Maulana Muchammad, Danang Pristiono, and Maria Lucia Veronica Theja, UNAIR undergraduate students of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Science and Technology UNAIR have made an innovation to find solution to the problem.
Maulana Muchammad, head of the team of Student Creativity Research Program (PKM-PE) explained that the high mortality rate due to cancer is also caused by less accurate diagnosis, so the treatment given also less maximal. Therefore, we need an alternative to increase the sensitivity of diagnosis, using contrast agent.
Explained by Maulana, contrast agent is used to distinguish between healthy tissue and damage tissue network by improving the quality of the resulting contrast. All this time, contrast agent used is magnevist fluid, but it has a drawback as it is often toxic.
“The alternative solution is by making natural-based contrast agents that have better accuracy and non-toxic characteristic,” said Danang.
The three students of Biomedical Engineering joined in PKM-PE group and used iron sand as the basic contrast agent for cancer detection in MRI.
“We chose to use iron sand because it has abundant availability in nature, but it is less utilized, as an effort to increase the economic value of iron sand in the market,” said Maria Lucia Veronica Theja.
Under the guidance of Andi Hamim Zaidan, Ph.D, their research entitled “Synthesis and Magnetic Nanoparticle-FA Characterization as a Contrast Agent for MRI Cancer Detection” has successfully passed the selection and received research funding from Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education (Kemenristekdikti) in PKM program 2018.
“We want to contribute to the health sector in Indonesia, especially about cancer which is fatal in the world of health by utilizing the abundant natural resources in this archipelago as well as with more economical production costs,” said Maulana Muchammad. (*)
Author: Bambang Bes.