The PKM-PSH team after the seminar. (Photo: PKMPSH Doc)
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UNAIR NEWS – Researching the toughness of character in the old story so it can be followed by the young generation, made a team of Student Creativity Program of Humanities Social Research (PKM-PSH) Universitas Airlangga headed by Mohamad Afif Ma’ruf, receive Kemenristekdikti research grant in PKM 2018 .

The toughness of the character was written in “Exploration of Ki Honggolono’s Toughness in the History of Mirah Village and Golan Village Feud in Ponorogo Regency” . In addition to M Afif, the PKM-PSH team also consists of Rerica Dhea Shavila and Aisyah Nusa Ramadhana. All the three students are from State Administration Science Program, FISIP UNAIR.

According to Moh Afif, Indonesia is known as nation with 1001 stories, whether they are legends, folklores, stories of the past, which are inherited through generations. The stories are still alive in the society. If the story is a prohibition, taboo, or guidance, people still believe in it and they do not dare to violate.

The story was of the feud between two villages, Mirah Village and Golan Village, Sukorejo Sub-district, Ponorogo Regency, East Java, it deserves a recommendation to emulate the younger generation. From the toughness of Ki Honggolono, the character in the story, there are positive values ​​to follow, high commitment, self-control, and high spirit in facing challenges.

“Our team recommend the values to be encouraged to the general public and the younger generation in order to adopt Ki Honggolono’s toughness values ​​in in everyday life. In order for young people to remain tough and never give up in facing challenges, “said Moh Afif.

The recommendation was given through a seminar held by Moh Afif and friends, May 20, 2018 in Ponorogo. The seminar was attended by representatives of village officials and Youth Association. It was aimed to provide insights about Ki Honggolono’s toughness values.

Rahmat, representatives of Youth Association Desa Mirah, is optimistic that this insight will be able to make the villagers change, be open minded, and work together to realize the welfare of the community.

Five Followed Creeds

How is the toughness story of Golan Village and Mirah Village feud still believed until now? It was started with the past conflict between two powerful figures in two villages;  Ki Ageng Mirah and Ki Ageng Honggolono.

Geographically, these two villages are located in one area, only separated by the river. But the people of both villages never and did not dare to make social contacts or collaborate in activities together in one location.

It is believed that the people “must fight” just to preserve the traditions of their ancestral heritage. They dare not violate the creeds.

meneladani tokoh
The gate to the grave of Ki Ageng Honggolono in Golan Village, Kec. Sukorejo, Kab. Ponorogo.  (Photo: PKMPSH Doc)

Who are Ki Honggolono and Ki Ageng Mirah? In the past, in Golan Village lived Ki Ageng Honggolono, a famous, powerful, and brave character. People respected him and therefore, the government appointed him to be the Palang(village head). He has a cousin named Ki Honggojoyo, living in the village of Mirah and known as Ki Ageng Mirah.

Long story short, Ki Honggolono has a handsome son named Joko Lancur and Ki Ageng Mirah has a beautiful daughter named Dewi Amirah. The children fell in love to each other. For the sake of the happiness of his son, Ki Honggolono is willing to propose Dewi Amirah for Joko Lancur.  Ki Honggolono made the trip to Ki Ageng Mirah’s place.

Because they had different beliefs, Ki Ageng Mirah did not accept the proposal, so the requirements for proposal was made difficult to be met by Joko Lancur. The first requirement, Ki Ageng Mirah asked in just one night to make Golan River dam to irrigate the rice fields. Second, he asked for rice and soybeans each one barn. This requirement should not be delivered, but the barns must walk by themselves to Mirah Village.

With his supernatural powers, Ki Honggolono can meet all Ki Ageng Mirah’s requests. He asked his students to collect rice and soybeans. However, the barn could not be full as it was always stolen by the spirit sent by Ki Ageng Mirah.

Ki Honggolono was annoyed. The barn then filled with damen (rice straw) and titen (soybean skin). The damen and the titen was changed into rice and soybeans. For the river dam, Ki Honggolono asked for Bajul Kawor (crocodile king) help who then ordered thousands of crocodiles to stack on each other to disrupt of Golan river water flowing to the village of Mirah.

After all the requirements were ready, Joko Lancur with Ki Honggolono and Golan residents to Mirah Village. But Ki Ageng Mirah in front of the students and his guests alleged that the offerings were fake, the rice and soybeans is mixed with straw and soy skin.

Hearing that, Ki Honggolono was furious. A war broke up between these two powerful figures, which are also followed by their disciples. In that chaotic situation, Joko Lancur and Dewi Amirah were frustrated and decided to commit suicide. During the war, there was a sudden flood drowning Ki Ageng Mirah and many of his residents.

Knowing his son was dead, Ki Honggolono was very disappointed. After burying his son, he gathered the remaining two villagers. It was at this point that Ki Honggolono conveyed his creeds.

First, “Wong-wong Golan lan wong Mirah turun-tumurun ora oleh ngenekake mantu”. (Golan and Mirah people and their offspring cannot be matched in a marriage). Secondly, ”Barang utowo isen-isene ndonyo saka Desa Golan kang awujud kayu, watu, banyu lan sapanunggalane, ora bisa digawa menyang Desa Mirah”(Everything from Golan Village can not be brought to Mirah Village).

Third, “Barang-barange wong Golan lan desa Mirah ora bisa diwor dadi siji”. (Golan and Mirah village stuffs cannot be united). Fourth, “Wong Golan ora oleh gawe iyup-iyup soko kawul” (The Golan people can not make the roof from dried straw). The fifth, “Wong Mirah ora oleh nandur, nyimpen, lan gawe panganan saka dele” (Mirah People are prohibited from planting, storing and making food from soybeans).

Ki Ageng Honggolono also added: ”Sing sapa wonge nglanggar aturan iki bakal ciloko” (Anyone who violates this rule will get misfortune). Having said that, he returned to Golan Village with a deep regret.

“These creeds are really maintained by people in these two villages,” said Moh Afif, Head of PKM-PSH.

And according to his team’s analysis, Ki Honggolono’s commitment to propose Dewi Amirah for his son, Joko Lancur should be an example. Despite difficult requirements and though at first he also did not agree with the matchmaking plan. Ki Honggolono is a role model of his disciples and village heads who were respected by his people. After the conflict he presented himself to the two villages’ residents.

When facing challenges and difficult conditions,  Ki Honggolono makes a sacrifice sacrifice to please his son. (*)

Editor: Bambang Bes


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