Tracing back the history of this nation, it is not wrong if we believed that May 20 as the starting point of our national movement. Ideological movements were started at that moment. National Awakening Day was celebrated for the establishment of Budi Utomo on May 20, 1908 as the spark of nationalism in the nation’s Youth. They felt the responsibility to free the nation.
However, it did not mean that 109 years since that moment taking place we never had obstacles. Ups and downs happened along the way and manifested in any form of separatism.
Some of the movements were Revolutionary Government of the Republic of Indonesia/ Universal Struggle (PRRI/Permesta), Darul Islam/Islamic Army of Indonesia until the changing form of NKRI to RIS. But, their various ways to disrupt the nation failed until now.
There is an urgency in the chaotic political issues which use tribe, religion, race sentiments (SARA). The international political movement also expects Indonesian to be a part of Daulah Khilafah. It is important and crucial to put forward nationalism and Pancasila as nation’s ideology to the community and remind them that we have a fundamental problem.
Nationalism has been a connecting aspect to protect the sovereignty of NKRI. But nationalism should also be understood and translated through the latest viewpoint. It is true what Ichwan Arifin has said, that the nation is connected by an imaginary bond.
Therefore, Benedict Anderson in Imagined Communities defined a nation as a political community and inherently limited with sovereignty. He added that a nation is an imaginary community as it is impossible for the individuals to interact each other in real time. Referring to the Anderson’s concept, nationalism is based on fragile foundation and it is easy to break when the collective imagination changes.
For generation Y which has been pioneered changes and the future of nation, nationalism may be abstract. It can be only seen through a ceremonial moment such as flag ceremony, international sports competition like Olympics or World Cup. In political viewpoint, the growth of pragmatism, transactional politics and corrupt system and politics even makes people skeptic to the true meaning of nationalism.
Ahmad Sahal in “Terjerat Rumah Kaca” elaborated that Indonesian nationalism appeared not in the vacuum space. Colonialism had a great role in forming nationalism. Sahal also emphasized that nationalism cannot be separated problems and ambivalence, such as the keyword of nationalism, the shared fate as Bumi Putera.
However, it is very relative as there are social classes. Such as Bumi Putera which is divided into labor class or royal class, just like West Imperialism. They have different shared feelings even they were both live in the colonialism.
Apart from the criticism, Indonesian nationalism occurred when the nation needed an ideology to unite all nation’s elements, against the colonialism-imperialism. It was the moment when nationalism framed the ideology, Pancasila as the foundation of the nation. Through the ideology, Indonesia proclaimed it Independence on August 17, 1945.
National Movement in Pancasila
If we only rely on collective memories of the past to preserve nationalism, it will not be enough. There will be more complex problems faced by the nation. Pengalaman Enam Tahun Pembasisan Pancasila has mapped the nation problem.
It included the remaining chaotic social economy and politic condition as the failed attempt to development has affected us until now. The development which was separated from the goal to achieve social justice only brings discrepancies between the central and local government.
It is also related to the globalization. The fast globalization process was pushed by the constant universal trade liberalization and technology advancement which has lowered production, transportation and communication cost. This phenomenon even integrates the economy towards global capitalism.
Other problems are democratization and oligarchy. Political parties as the pillars of democracy cannot avoid the acute oligarchy. In the end, the political leaders coming from the political process also tends to get attached with the part of oligarchy.
Pancasila as the fundamental ideology should be framed with nationalism. It is expected to bring unity in the diversity of Indonesia. It is also a solution to map the nation’s problem which is based on Pancasila. (*)
Author is an undergraduate student on Physics, Faculty of Science and Technology Universitas Airlangga, 2016.
Editor: Bambang Bes