UNAIR NEWS – Globalization era has enabled higher mobility but it has caused some environmental impacts. English Department, Faculty of Humanities, Universitas Airlangga held a public lecture about globalization themed “New Mobility Paradigm Applied to Surabaya Particular Kali Brantas” on Friday, March 3 at Siti Parwati, Hall FIB, delivered by an anthropologist Dr. Freek Colombijn, Associate Professor, Faculty of Social Cultural Anthropology, Vrije Universieit Amsterdam.
“Globalization is not only about McDonalds, KFC, Coca Cola, or dense population in urban area. But also on its impact to society,” Freek said.
The globalization aspects consist of etnoscapes, landscapes, technoscapes, mediascapes, dan ideoscapes. Etnoscape scope includes the migration of people to another place, for example travelling in some places with satisfactory infrastructure. Landscapes is based on position. An environment study is related to lifestyle and attitude of their people in their surroundings. For example, farmers is used to wearing casual shirt and short pants, it is different from celebrities who always wear expensive outfits.
Technoscape and Mediascape refer to the latest technological development. The impact of technology is capable to simplify communication and distribution throughout places, so mobility is not limited by cost. Ideoscape refers to ideology of each country which has made adjustments.
“According to Cresswell, there are three kinds of mobilities, physical mobility, representative mobility, or how to show a mobility to the others and mobility practice, or even when we experience the migration itself,” he added.
Migration or mobility has its limit and difficulties, for example the inhibition due to governance policy such as protective policy of Donald Trump. The prohibition of immigrant and Muslim from Mexico and some other places limit the mobility to the U.S.A. On other hand, Gaza conflict also one of the limiters of mobility. People had to go through the underground tunnels for mobility.
In addition to mobility, Freek also discussed about environmental studies. The scope of his research is Southeast Asia, especially Indonesia. He did the research in Surabaya. Freek tried to trace the flows of household waste until to water landfill. He found a pattern which resembles to cactus as the direction of waste.
It is started by the waste collection from houses and the sorting process based on its types and its market value. Garbage that is not worth selling would be thrown to the Dumpster (TPS). Other garbage is sorted again and sent to landfills (TPA).
“At first, I rated cities of Indonesia as dirty cities. However, after I learned the situation more, there are only certain dirty places such as the rivers. Therefore, it is important for individuals to control the amount of waste in their homes so it won’t bring more trash, “said Freek.
Author : Siti Nur Umami
Editor: Defrina Sukma S