Rectal Exploration, an Expertise of Veterinary Medicine Students

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A STUDENT of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine UNAIR in a practicum at Teaching Farm (Photo: UNAIR NEWS)

TALKING about Universitas Airlangga doesn’t feel right if we don’t check out one of its faculties in Campus C. Yes, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (FKH) stands out with its 1001 uniqueness interesting to be investigated. Start from the mini zoo with its animals of many kinds, animal experiment cage, to Teaching Farm which is located in Gresik Regency area. The Teaching Farm is used by the students to do field practicum, for Educational Veterinary Hospital, and famous for its spectacular science.

Theory (science) and practicum in lectures here do not merely discuss about veterinary, but more than that, students of FKH also study a lot about entrepreneurship economy, environment health, public health, aquatic animal diseases, medicine, and physiology where they sometimes learn about human medicine as well.

One of the 1001 uniqueness of FKH UNAIR students which is interesting to talk about is their sense ability to diagnose something without using their sight. Students often call it Rectal Exploration.

This one of the compulsory practicums for students of semester VII is held at FKH Animal Experiment Cage or sometimes also at Teaching Farm in Gresik. To be successful in doing Rectal Exploration, students are demanded to have high competence and be able to totally eliminate disgust.

How come? It is because before students’ hand enters the animal’s rectum, a cow for example, they need to throw away the waste food inside it. Then, they must be able to diagnose reproductive organs and their anomalies. Automatically, students’ hand is the only tool, since the eyes cannot see what is inside and what the hand holds. Excellent intuition and ability to feel are crucial skills students of FKH need to have for this. As a matter of fact, however, this is not merely about feelings, but also the ability to refer to theory they have learnt before doing the practicum; so it is definitely not a science of shamanism.

Let alone if the animal subject is bad tempered which makes it uncontrollable. Therefore, ability to control animals is also a must-have for Veterinary Medicine students, surely by keeping attention to Animal Welfare concept of without hurting the animals; because in animal experiments, animals have rights which must be fulfilled by practitioners (students in practicum) and colleagues who use the animals as media for education.

Self-safety is still the number one priority. However, Veterinary Medicine students will feel “incomplete” before being kicked by a cow as a “greeting”. Moreover, Rectal Exploration is mostly done to big animals like cows, horses, or buffalos in order to do Artificial Insemination (IB), diagnosis of pregnancy, or a simple reproductive organs pathology physiology checkup.

To be able to do Rectal Exploration well, one time trial is never enough. Repeated practice and trial is required to successfully apply the technique right. Supporting equipment like Cattle Pack protective suit, boots, and special gloves must be worn to prevent unwanted things to happen.

Let alone the matter of cage smell. Dare to be dirty is necessary. Examining patients (animals) with different temper and meeting animal owners with different background are daily routine activities for students of FKH.

The aforementioned facts show that not everyone can do this Rectal Exploration technique. Therefore, students of FKH deserve to feel proud of their ability to master the technique, since it is often applied in the field to do Artificial Insemination on cattle, help stock farmers improve their economic life quality and help the government promote meat self-sufficiency program for the people of Indonesia.

A noble occupation is not merely valued from how many material things it earns, yet also from how much benefit it can give the society, even though the job is not easy. That is how a veterinarian profession is described. (*)


Editor: Bambang Bes

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