First Aid to Unconscious People

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Basic Life Support Training held by Anesthesiology and Reanimation Department Faculty of Medicine (FK) Universitas Airlangga, on Sunday, December 25 in Pondok Pesantren Gontor Putri V, Kediri. (Photo: Defrina Sukma S.)

UNAIR NEWS –A life threatening emergency can happen anytime, anywhere to anybody. Therefore, everyone should know and be able to perform basic life support (BHD).

BHD is the first aid given to unconscious individual. It can happen to anyone who has an accident, a heart attack and medical complications or other possibilities which can cause people unconscious.

According to a specialist in anesthesiology and reanimation Faculty of Medicine (FK) Universitas Airlangga Prananda Surya Airlangga, M.Kes., dr., Sp.An (K), there are two steps we need to do to save lives from this kind of emergency.

Here are some steps to do to perform BHD to a patient:

  1. Check the respiration

To determine whether the person conscious or not, we should check their breathing. We can place our fingers near the nostrils to check the breathing condition.

  1. Find help

If the patient does not breathe, the rescuers should get help. They can sound the alarm, or even shout for help. They can also contact medical personnel or healthcare facility.

“The first step is asking for help or sounding the alarm so other people can help. When there is an unconscious person, we should get help. We find other people so we will be able to help together,” said Doctor Prananda.

  1. Perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)

If the patient does not breathe, do the CPR. It should be performed as best as we can. If there are other people, it should be performed in turns.

“We should keep him conscious so the heart keeps beating. Hopefully it the lungs get the oxygen, pumped to the heart and it beats again so the circulation in the body runs well, and the brain gets bloodflow,” said the doctor who initiated  BLS Community Surabaya.

Furthermore, if possible, there suscitation shoud be done continuously until the medical rescue arrives on site. (*)

Author : Defrina Sukma S.
Editor    : Binti Q. Masruroh

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