Develop Indonesian Fisheries through Three Aspects

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A fisherman in Kenjeran Beach cleaning his boat from dirt and moss. (Photo: Alifian Sukma)

UNAIR NEWS – The title of a maritime country attached to Indonesia is expected to be more than just a name. Indonesian seas are wealthy of natural resources. According to the professor of Faculty of Fisheries and Marine (FPK) UNAIR  Prof. Ir. Amin Alamsjah, M.Si., Ph.D, there are three sectors which demand attention to improve contribution of fishery products in the economy.

First, the human resources availability. Prof. Amin explained that our fishermen are not ready to improve frequency and intensity in long period fishcatching. Most of the fishermen accustomed to one day trip fishcatching, going at night and coming back in the morning. So big boats sharing policy given to the fishermen is not effective.

Prof. Amin explained that the government makes policy on big boat sharing weigh at 30 gross tonnages (GT) for fisherman in Sendang Biru, southern Malang. But the boat is not effectively used as there is different custom and technology.

“The ministry, before bu Susi, once gave boats and stationed in Sendang Biru, Southern Malang. At that time, the fishermen could not use it. Then, fishermen from Madura were assigned there. They failed too. The problem was the work rhythm as they can’t stay long at sea. They boats given were big boats weigh at 30 gross tonnages which can stay out at sea from one to three weeks,” he said.

Second, the fishermen understanding on technology is developing. They should start to use technology like remote sensing or radar to detect shoals of fish. “Before, when there was such device, they couldn’t use it so they used their feeling when they catch fish. Now,  they are improving,” said Prof. Amin.

Third, to cut the deadly connection between the loansharks and fishermen. According to Prof. AMin who is also Vice Rector III of UNAIR, the fishermen still borrow money from loanshark which potentially added high interest. So, their profit from selling fish is not comparable with their debts. This condition is one of the causes why fishermen mostly live under the line of poverty.

“Our fishermen before setting sail, has already owed to loanshark and with interest. So the profit they get is lower than the results they really get. It is cut by the loanshark for interest and it is actually unfair for them. Therefore, most of them live under the line of poverty. Farmers and people in plantation are more prosperous than fishermen. This system goes on. Our fishermen have debts. How can we work well if the results that way. No pride on it,” said the professor of FPK UNAIR.

Prof. Amin also appreciated our government performance in sinking those stealing boats. But he hoped that there will be more revolutionary measures on aquaculture, management, conservation and social economy. (*)

Author: Defrina Sukma S
Editor: Nuri Hermawan

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