UNAIR NEWS – In the effort to apply theories learned in classes of Public Health bachelor program, Faculty of Public Health (FKM) UNAIR held another Field Practice (PKL). This year, bojonegoro was chosen as the region for intervention. One of the villages for the field practice was Payaman village. Based on data collection and analysis, there is an urgent problem which demands immediate action, the low mosquito free rate (ABJ) as this village is the one of the endemic region of dengue fever (DBD) and chikungunya wit its supporting terrains like jungle and swamps.
Measures to prevent the disease have been done as there is always fogging every year but it is still cannot protect the inhabitants from the threats of DBD and chikungunya. Students in Payaman village PKL team Group 5 started a prevention program called GELITIK (Gerakan Libas Jentik-Jentik).
This program is aimed to improve the mosquito free rate which is still at 41% through publicization and community empowerment. Publicization was held in one of the cadres’ house during integrated service post (posyandu) for infants and senior citizens, while the community empowerment was done by using larva mosquito monitoring card in houses and assign one of the family members to be Jumantik (Juru Pemantau Jentik or larvae monitoring attendant) who is responsible for checking the water container and inputting the data in the card for each week.
Furthermore, this movement also empowered students of SDN Payaman and MI Matholi’ul Falah to be Jumantik. It was done because schools also have potentials to be the breeding place of mosquito, as students spend their time learning and playing at school. Vice Headmaster of SDN Payaman I, Rahman welcomed well the program.
“I am glad that UNAIR students is holding an activity here at our school, the children need to learn more on Clean and Healthy Life Style as early as possible, especially on monitoring the mosquito larvae at school, it is a useful program,” he said.
Approaches to all elements of community have been done for the program success. There was also publicization to the youth of Payaman village to actively contribute in the village’s program. Integration has also been done with PONKESDES and the cadres who have important roles in the monitoring and the continuity of the program. Cooperation has been established with the community health center (puskesmas) to provide abate powder for houses with potentials as breeding grounds.
Village administrations, through the head of the village also gave their supports to GELITIK program, he believed that the program is effective and useful for the village. From the health staff, Harry Niken K, Amd., Keb., as the midwife of PONKESDES Payaman said that she was helped a lot with the program.
“The activity really helps with PONKESDES health program especially on PSN as the village is an endemic region. Every year, there are always DBD cases, so this program is really useful and I hope that all elements of community can support its continuity,” she said.
According to the head of PKL Group 5, Nova Mega, the program was responded positively. “We created the program so the inhabitants have healthy life and concern to their surroundings and keep them clean and free of mosquito larvae. Alhamdulillah it was responded well by the inhabitants, PONKESDES, village administrations and SD and MI students who participate enthusiastically,” Nova said.
Looking at their enthusiasm, they are optimistic that if the program can be maintained then the target of ABJ at 95% will be achieved. So, if there is low mosquito free rate? Apply this GELITIK program. (*)
Author: Nelsa Kurnia, a student of Faculty of Public Health (FKM) UNAIR
Editor: Nuri Hermawan