UNAIR NEWS – Minority protection in Indonesia is still a problem in need of attention as violence still happens to the minority and the authority is not very perceptive and efficient to handle the problem. As the case of Shia Sampang which has not been settled.
To discuss the problem, Human Right Law Studies (HRLS) Faculty of Law Universitas Airlangga (UNAIR) with Asian Muslim Action Network (AMAN) Indonesia, Yakkum Emergency Unit (YEU), and Kontras Surabaya held a seminar, “Perlindungan Minoritas di Indonesia: Menemukan Solusi Kasus Syiah Sampang (Minority Protection in Indonesia: Finding Solution to Shia Sampang Case)”.
Some experts and important figures were present for the workshop hel on September 6-7, 2016. Some of them were Prof Azyumardi Azra (Presiden the Asian Muslim Action Network), Dr. Zainal Abidin Bagir (Center of Religion and Cultural Studies UGM), Muhammad Afdillah, MA, M.Si (UIN Sunan Ampel), Dr. Ihsan (PUSHAM Paramadina), Riri Khoiriyah (KOMNAS Perempuan) and many more.
The workshop was divided into three panels and three group discussions. The three panels discuss the minority rights in the context of Indonesia and Islam, Shia advocacy journey review, and concept of protection from the administrationof Jokowi JK. While the three group discussions discussed on the peaceful capacity mapping on minority protection based on constitutions, culture and Islamic values; new strategic formulation of Sampang Sunni Shia reconciliation and the conflict settlement.
Shia group currently deemed as oppressed minority with no place in their own village. It started with the arson and banishment of Karang gayam villagers, Sampang. There are 165 people banished since September 2012, which then relocated in modest stack houses in Sidoarjo.
Shia community has protested on Shia Sampang relocation to the House of Representatives (DPR). Their request to get back to their village is always rejected by the regional government and authority due to safety reason.
“This banishment has indirectly violated their constitutional rights as Indonesian citizens which should be protected by the state as they also have responsibility over them,” said Haidar Adam.
According to Prof Azyumardi Azra, the state must be present in assuring its people’s safety. Provincial or central administrations must stand firm on people who still try to hamper the protective efforts. And, Shia Sampang group still has their right to get back to their villages.
The mainstream community cannot be justified taking violence based on differences.
“Any violence should be dealth with. The authority must be responsible. The state must accommodate all communities” said Prof Azyumardi.
Rubi Khalifah said that from the Shia Sampang case, there is a group which can be empowerd and used, the women movement. All this time, the effort of women empowerment has been fail like any other group. The activist of AMAN Surabaya believed that women leadership program is necessary for the society.
The main task of the workshop was to map Shia Sampang resolution and it was also an emphatic measure and university effort to promote protection to the minority. The thing under the spotlight was their right to live which was threaten so certain mapping on the policy solution should be made for everyone’s welfare. (*)
Author: Ahalla Tsauro
Editor: Binti Q. Masruroh