UNAIR NEWS – Food availability especially from animals is a challenge for Indonesia. The challenge is also in a form of the artificial insemination. This artificial insemination is the alternative used to accelerate animal farming quality program and to ease the farming seed distribution, including for goat and sheep farming.
The background of the research was presented by Prof. Dr. Suherni Susilowati, M.Kes, drh in her oration in UNAIR professor affirmation on Saturday, August 27. Prof. Suherni was affirmed as professor on Artificial Insemination of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (FKH) UNAIR. She presented scientific oration titled “Potensi Frozen Semen pada Kawin Suntik Kambing sebagai Upaya Memenuhi Kebutuhan Protein Hewani (Frozen Semen Potential on Goat Artificial Insemination as Effort to Fulfill Animal Protein Need)”.
In her opinion, one important supporting factor to optimize the artificial insemination program on goat farming is the availability of frozen semen with required minimum standards. From the research she conducted, the frozen semen damages easily so Insulin Like Growth Factor –I protein needs to be added through the solution medium so it can minimize the damage.
In the oration, Prof. Suherni explained that supply improvement on goat meat either directly or indirectly will decrease the demand on productive meat cow as well as the meat import.
As of now, various technologies has been developed and used to improve efficiency farming reproduction. Artificial insemination is the beginning of reproductive biotechnology on male animals. Furthermore, the farmers do not have to look after male animals and it can improve genetic quality in short period of time.
“One of the supporting factors in optimizing artificial insemination on goat farming is the availability of frozen semen with required minimum standards. Currently, there is a difficulty to get frozen goat semen with required minimum standards used for artificial insemination,” said Prof. Suherni.
According to Prof. Suherni, the cause was the difficult process of freezing semen as it can damage the function or the membrane structure as well as spermatozoa’s ability to survive.
“To create goat effective reproduction and improve the goat population in Indonesia, Insulin Like Growth Factor –I protein roles should be understood well,” she said.
Insulin Like Growth Factor I managed the spermatozoa functions before and after ejaculation especially in improving motility and capacity. (*)