Spatial Planning Should Involve Society

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A discussion as a part of The Third Preparatory Committee (Prepcomm III) United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN Habitat). (Photo: UNAIR NEWS)

UNAIR NEWS – Universities and non-government organization (NGO) should empower the society to participate in making the policy, especially on spatial planning. Due to limitation on the society, the government often has difficulties to discuss something complex.

The statement was made by Ramli Yanto, the representative of Education and Training Division of East Java government, in the discussion themed ‘One Day Interactive Dialogue on Sharing Views of the Rights and Society Participation in the Spatial Planning and Land Policy of the City’. The discussion was held in Pancasila hall, Faculty of Law  Universitas Airlangga (UNAIR) on Thursday, July 28.

The discussion was a part of The Third Preparatory Committee (Prepcomm III) United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN Habitat). It was moderated by Jani Purnawanty, LL.M,and attended by academicians of UNAIR, bureaucrats and society.

Ramli said that participation of the society is the core of a democratic country. But in reality, as regulated in the law, the society is not the first party involved in the discussion in making the policy. According Ramli, there is inconsistency in improving public participation.

First, political approach. “Formulating a policy must accommodate the vision and missions of the chosen official. If in the vision and missions he wants to develop green belt area, then he has to implement it as it will be conveyed in RPJMD (Mide-term Regional Development Plan),” said Ramli.

After political approach, the government must involve the experts and NGO experts, spatial planning experts. But, according Ramli, there is something different with East Java’s policy planning. Ramli said that the governor always firstly involve ‘directly affected’ party or party which will be affected.

“But participation of the society can be used in the forums from preparation, implementation to controlling,” said Ramli.

There is also local wisdom influence in spatial planning. If in a certain area is used as religious activity, then the area will not be included in the regional spatial planning (RTRW).

“For example, the existing religious tourism Sunan Ample makes the territory even complicated, there is a wish to move it in Keputih. It can’t be done as the local wisdom has its position in RTRW regulation,” said Ramli.

Ramli admitted, society’s participation in making public policy does not always give optimum results. At least there are four points in his elaboration, allocated fund for the development planning meetings, policy making takes time, society’s view considered idealists’ view and limitation on the society’s understanding during discussion about development.

Other than Ramli, academician of FH UNAIR Urip Santoso, M.H., who is an expert on land and spatial planning said that the government cannot forget the rights of people in RTRW planning. The government has the obligation to publish RTRW through channels, either printed, electronic or through direct publication in the society.

“The law enforcement and information on RTRW haven’t be maximized. The society must also be active in finding information on RTRW,” said Urip. (*)

Author : Defrina Sukma S.
Editor    : Binti Q. Masruroh

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