Assessing Stem Cell Chance for Diabetes Treatment

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The Quadruple Joint Symposium Diabetes 2016 (Photo: Special)

UNAIR NEWS – World Health Organizations (WHO) predicted that in 2030 there will be 21.3 million Indonesian suffer from diabetes mellitus. The prediction is in line with the fact that the population with Diabetes Mellitus (DM) in Indonesia now is the fifth country in the world with most diabetics.

It is a worrying condition. About 80% of diabetic prevalence in Indonesia was dominated by diabetics who are not aware of their condition. This diabetes problem was discussed thoroughly in  ‘The Quadruple Joint Symposium 2016’ held by Diabetes and Nutrition Center Surabaya, Dr. Soetomo Hospital – Faculty of Medicine Universitas Airlangga (UNAIR)  cooperated with Indonesian Endocrinology Community (PERKENI) and United of Internal Medicine Expert (PAPDI) at Hotel Shangri-La Surabaya, April 23-24 2016.

The symposium was attended by two speakers from Japan, Prof. Hiroshi Taniguchi and Prof. Naemi M. Kajiwara, also some expert from 14 diabetic research and treatment centers including in Banda Aceh, Medan, Padang, Palembang, Jakarta, Bandung, Jogjakarta, Solo, Surabaya, Makassar and Manado.

Sony Wibisono, dr., Sp.PD-KEMD, FINASIM, as the vice chairman of the committee said that at this moment diabetes has infected individuals from any range of age. The disease even followed with complications. The complications are called endo-cardiometabolic.

Diabetes complications attacked heart and other organs of metabolism so this condition caused hormonal disorder including testosterone.

“Before, diabetic had a wound which did not dry. But now, we have to worry about diabetes complications involving heart. Therefore, effort to treat the complications is needed,” dr. Sonny said.

To control the diabetics, the experts did not focus only in treatment but also to prevention. One of them is by using stem cell treatment method.

As we know, treatment method with stem cell has been developed in many countries to deal with diseases. Now, the researchers are concentrating on stem cell method on diabetics.

High sugar level in diabetics caused pancreas did not function as it should be. So, the pancreas cell count is decreasing. Stem cell method is being studied as the solution to improve the pancreas.

“Maybe it can be imagined, what happens when stem cell attached to broken pancreas. With hopes that it could return the pancreas function as before,” said dr. Sony.

But, diabetic treatment with stem cell is still on development stage. In 2010, the researchers conducted a trial to a mouse but it did not work as expected. According to dr. Sony, stem cell was not ready for treatment method.

“Stem cell isn’t ready yet for treatment method. This method only works to reduce drugs consumed by diabetics,” he said.

Preventing Diabetes

In the same occasion, the Head of Diabetes and Nutrition Center Surabaya Prof. Dr. dr. Askandar Tjokroprawiro, Sp.PD, K-EMD, FINASIM, explained the importance of prevention as well as blood sugar control.

Emeritus lecturer of FK UNAIR emphasized the importance of individual to control waist circumference. If a man had waist circumference more than 90 cm, and a woman more than 80 cm, then the man is considered obese. To prevent diabetes and the complications, everyone should have a healthy lifestyle and diet.

Meanwhile, for the diabetics, Prof. Askandar suggested them to consume fruit instead of processed product like juice. Fresh consumed fruit will get through digestive process in the intestines so the food will be slowly absorbed and blood sugar do not rise rapidly. (*)

Author: Sefya Hayu Istighfarica
Editor: Defrina Sukma S

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