UNAIR NEWS – Irrational use of antibiotics can make the bacterials resistant to drugs, so it gives bad effects to people. The poor awareness on antibiotics use has made a team of Faculty of Medicine (FK) Universitas Airlangga and Dr. Soetomo Hospital to make regulations regarding antibiotics use in hospital, public health center (Puskesmas) and the society.
It was elaborated by Prof. Dr. Kuntaman, dr., MS., Sp.MK., met in his room in Department of Microbiology, FK UNAIR Clinic, on Thursday. In his opinion, the prevalence to MRSA (Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus) is quite dangerous.
The professor of FK UNAIR showed the latest research Staphylococcus aureus bacteria which is resistant to antibiotics like Methicillin (MRSA) in Dr. Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya. The bacteria has infected 8.1% of 643 patients in the hospital. Nevertheless, he admitted the problem to cure the infection with bacterial resistance is the poor valid data in all regions of Indonesia.
“All this time, we’re short on data related to resistant bacteria, it makes the validation even difficult to perform,” said Prof. Kuntaman. As planned, he is going to present his findings on April 9, 2016 in European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases(ECCMID) in Amsterdam. This research is a collaboration of FK UNAIR-Dr. Soetomo General Hospital and Erasmus Medisch Centrum, Holland.
Other research result, as explained by the professor, showed that bacteria which causes ESBL(Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase) in Indonesia was quite high, about 30-60% in 2013. It was caused by irrational antibiotics use and standard precaution obedience.
Furthermore, ESBL causing bacteria is even resistant to Carbapenem antibiotics, the ones which hamper antibacterial activities. It was shown from his research with Prof. Shirakawa of Kobe University, Japan.
From many researches on microbe resistance from antibiotics, Prof. Kuntaman in the team of Anti-microbes Resistance Control Committee (KPRA) has planned to propose guidelines to government to make regulations on dangerous MRSA.
If the guidelines are approved, some regulations related to antibiotics use limitation can be applied. Some of them are on prohibition to drugstore to sell drugs without prescription, limiting the use of unprescribed medicine
“As planned, this year KPRA team is proposing guidelines to the government so that MRSA becomes less dangerous and ease the Healtcare and Social Security Agency (BPJS Kesehatan),” said the professor on Clinical Microbiology, FK UNAIR. (*)
Author: Defrina Sukma S.
Editor: Bambang BES