UNAIR NEWS – The problem of cow meat availability keeps drawing public attention, especially when it is near Ied al-Fitr or Eid al-Adha. In those holidays, meat consumption soars. Meat scarcity causes the selling price go up even though it does not happen in all Indonesian regions.
To avoid scarcity of meat, Prof. Dr. drh. Sri Pantja Madyawati, M.Si, stated that the government should make a breakthrough program significant to cattle farming development. Those farms should be reinforced by raising domestic cattle.
Prof. Pantja made the statement in the ceremony of her professorship. Scientific speech Penguatan Ilmu Fisiologi Reproduksi Veteriner untuk Mempertahankan Diversitas Fauna dalam Mencapai Swasembada Ternak Sapi Indonesia (Reinforcement of Physiological Science on Veterinary Reproduction to Maintain Animal Diversity in Order to Achieve Indonesian Cattle Self-Sufficiency), was presented when she was awarded professorship on Reproduction Physiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga. The ceremony was held at Garuda Mukti Aula, UNAIR Management, on Saturday, January 16.
High price of cattle meat caused by meat scarcity made the consumers choose different products instead while cow meat has high protein nutrition needed by our bodies. The 444th professor of UNAIR quoted some data from mass media. In 2009, Indonesian people meat consumption level was still low compared to other countries. It was 1.88 kg per capita in a year. Last data collected in 2014, Indonesian meat consumption level was 2.56 per capita in a year.
Thus, to support this meat consumption level, meat availability should be plentiful in the market. Increasing meat reserve in the end would affect the price to be affordable.
As a professor of Reproductive Physiology, Prof. Pantja stated that productivity and population of domestic cattle should be reinforced in three factors, breeding, feeding and management. Breeding factor means in female cows to produce calves with the quality seeds from Indonesian domestic cows. With quality seeding, domestic cows diversity can be maintained. The breeding can use any reproductive technologies such as estrus synchronization, superovulation, insemination technique with frozen semen, and embryo transfer.
Central or regional government have their program of seeding and fattening cattle. In 2015, Farming General Directorate launched Farming Seeding Center and cattle fattening program which is integrated, planned, thorough and continuously.
But, in her opinion, the policy of seeding and fattening has not been conducted integratedly. “In 2015, FKH UNAIR, was appointed by Animal Health Director of Animal Health and Farming General Directorate, Ministry of Agriculture as a mitigation team to handle reproductive health disorders. This team should be side by side with mating injection and artificial insemination activity,” she said.
“Artificial insemination and mating injection on cattle are conducted if the cattle have no physical defects. But if there are abnormalities, such as in their reproductive system, they have to be conducted continuously or relatedly,” added 21st professor of FKH UNAIR.
In her speech, Prof. Pantja stated that Indonesia has vast domestic cattle diversity. Thus, they should be preserved well.
“Our domestic cattle, from East Nusa Tenggara to Aceh, should be used. How? With artificial insemination. That is one way to breed domestic cattle in regions. We, from the academic community, will help them to increase the population,” said 152th professor of UNAIR since it was incorporated.(*)
Author : Defrina Sukma S.